Shooting Disciplines


Prone position

In competitive shooting, the prone position is the position of a shooter lying on the ground. It is considered the most accurate position as the ground provides extra stability. It is the starting position in three positionsevents. Currently the Olympics have one purely prone event, the fifty meters men's rifle prone. Both men and women also have the fifty meters rifle three positions. Many video games (particularly first-person shooters) allow the player character to go into the prone position.


Prone Short Range

The NSRA generally refers to shooting .22LR calibre rifles over a distance of between 15 yards and 25 metres 'indoors' as being short range shooting. Targets are generally outward gauging (touching a ring on the target scores the lower of the two adjacent scores). Being indoors, no allowance is necessary for wind, light or other changes. Shots are scored as decimal values from 0 to 10, with no decimal places.


Prone Long Range

UK Long range shooting is generally over either 50 yards, 50 Metres or 100 yards distance outdoors. A 50 yard, 50 Metre or 100 yard target is generally constructed to allow 20 shots to count, to be executed during one 'detail' of 20 minutes duration. Sighting shots would also be included in that time period. Outdoors, variables such as light, wind, temperature, humidity and mirage affect the target image and bullet trajectory. To help shooters, most ranges have wind flags placed at useful positions around the range to display the wind conditions.


Kneeling position 

There are no longer international competitions in pure kneeling shooting, but it is included as the last part of 300 metre rifle three positions, 300 metre standard rifle and 50 metre rifle three positions. It takes a very long time to achieve a high level of performance in the kneeling position, this is partly due to the lack of training done in the position because of it requiring a lot of extra equipment. To gain certification ranges must have additional protection on the range, for example additional protection (wood to slow the bullet) around metal lighting surrounds, placed in front of the firing line, in case of a stray bullet ricocheting off and returning up the range towards the firing line.

Standing position

In shooting, the standing position, also known as "offhand", refers to shooting while standing. It is often regarded as the most difficult position. The rules vary depending on the shooting discipline. Generally, one must stand freely, without the aid of a rest or bench. Highpower rifle, smallbore rifle, and silhouette shooting do not permit the use of a sling.  300 metre rifle three positions, 300 metre standard rifle and 50 metre rifle three positions all include standing as the second stage of competitions, and the Olympic 50 metre finals are also shot standing .


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